NEPA applies to residential, commercial, and other projects within the Community that require the use of federal funding. NEPA allows for a complete environmental review and evaluation of projects initiated on Community lands.
The review process involves a site inspection to determine the potential environmental and cultural impacts of a proposed project on the site and the surrounding environment. If the review determines that the project will have no significant impact, a clearance document in the form of a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) or Categorical Exclusion (CE) is issued.
The project can then move forward without further review or mitigation. If the review determines that the project will have a significant impact, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) document is issued to assess and properly mitigate the impact of the project on the environment.