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Experts Share Perspective on Pad Aangam (Hawk Man)

"Introduction to Archaeology" lecture series at the Salt River Community Building.

Pad Aangam, or Hawk Man, was a unique cultural hero for the O’odham people. His story and the story of his Aangam people often go untold.

On February 21, about a dozen people attended a lecture about Pad Aangam and other O’odham historical elements related to creation stories, held at the Salt River Community Building in the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community.

The presentation, featuring archaeologists J. Andrew Darling and Harry J. Winters, Jr., was part of the occasional “Introduction to Archaeology” lecture series presented by the SRPMIC Cultural Resources Department’s Cultural Preservation Program. The lecture included dinner and was open to the public, with the target audience being Community members.

Darling and Winters have researched the O’odham people and other tribes in the Southwest. Cultural Preservation Program Manager Shane Anton also spoke.

The lecture was titled “Pad Aangam: Interpreting Landscape and Ethnohistory in the O’odham Story of Creation.” It lasted about two hours and included a Q&A session.

Pad Aangam’s story offers a bridge between protohistory and history that engages ethnohistorical themes, Darling said, “basically, the themes of Hohokam and O’odham continuity, so that period of time going from prehistory to history.”

Archaeologist J. Andrew Darling talks Pad Aangam. Cultural Preservation Program Manager Shane Anton.
The lecture explored the often-ignored account of Pad Aangam and the site of the ‘Aangam Village, known today as Anegam in Tohono O’odham. Aangam’s people were different from the Tohono O’odham, Darling said. The people eventually settled among the Akimel O’odham, north of Gila River and possibly along Queen Creek.

“Even after more than a century of archaeology in Arizona, we really don’t have a good understanding of the archaeology of what could be called the historical O’odham,” Darling said.

For more information on the SRPMIC Cultural Preservation Program and future lectures or other related events, visit